Our Research


Christianson, K., Dempsey, J., Tsiola, A., & Goldshtein, M. (May, 2022, in press). What if they’re just not that into you (or your experiment)? On motivation and psycholinguistics. Psychology of Learning & Motivation.

Azevedo, R. F. L., Roy, B., Christianson, K., Zhong, Y., & Morrow, D. G. (2022). Affective Distancing Associated with Second Language Use Influences Response to Health Information. Languages, 7, 120. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages7020120.

Dempsey, J. & Christianson, K. (2022, accepted). Referencing context in sentence processing: A Bayesian replication of the Interactive Mental Models Hypothesis. Journal of Memory & Language, 125, 104335.

Dempsey, J., Christianson, K., & Tanner, D. (2022). Misretrieval but not misrepresentation: A feature misbinding account of downstream attraction effects in comprehension. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 75, 1727-1745. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211061578


Dempsey, J., Liu, Q., & Christianson, K. (2020). Convergent probabilistic cues do not trigger syntactic adaptation: Evidence from self-paced reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 46(10), 1906–1921.

Bulkes, N. Z., Tanner, D., Christianson, K. (2020). Semantic constraint, reading control, and the granularity of form-based expectations during semantic processing: Evidence from ERPs. Neuropsychologia, 137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.107294

Zhou, P., Garnsey, S., & Christianson, K. (2020). ERP data on sentences processing during auditory imagery of native and non-native English speech. Data in Brief, 29, 105242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105242.

Dempsey, J., & Brehm, L. (2020). Can propositional biases modulate syntactic repair processes? Insights from preceding comprehension questions. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1-10.

Brehm, L., Hussey, E., & Christianson, K. (2020). The role of word frequency and morpho-orthography in agreement processing. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35(1), 58-77, DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2019.1631456.


Kang, H-S., Kim, N., & Christianson, K. (2019, in press). Grammatical aspect and world knowledge in second language reading. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (IRAL).

Stoops, A. & Christianson, K. (2019). Syntactic predictability modulates parafoveal processing of inflectional morphology in Russian: A within-word boundary-change paradigm. Vision Research, 158, 1-10.

Zhou, P., Garnsey, S., & Christianson, K. (2019). Is imagining a voice like listening to it? Evidence from ERPs. Cognition, 182, 227-241.

Huang, X., *Kim, N., & Christianson, K. (2019). Gesture and vocabulary learning in a second language. Language Learning, 69, 177-197.

Christianson, K. & Deshaies, S-E. (2019). Learning languages in informal environments: Some cognitive considerations. In M. Dressman & R. Sadler (Eds.), The handbook of informal language learning, pp. 27-37, Boston: Wiley Blackwell.


Zhou, P., Yao, Y., & Christianson, K. (2018). When structure competes with semantics: Reading Chinese relative clauses. Collabra: Psychology, 4(1), 22, DOI: http://doi.org/10.1525/Collabra.131.

Qian, Z., Garnsey, S., & Christianson, K. (2018) A comparison of online and offline measures of good-enough processing in garden-path sentences. Language, Cognition, & Neuroscience, 33, 227-254.

Luke, S. G. & Christianson, K. (2018). The Provo Corpus: A Large Eye-Tracking Corpus with Predictability Norms. Behavior Research Methods50, 826-833.


Hussey, E.K., Christianson, K., Treiman, D.M., Smith, K.A., & Steinmetz, P.N. (Aug.23, 2017). Single neuron recordings of bilinguals performing in a continuous recognition memory task. PloS one, http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0181850.

Christianson, K. (2017). Psycholinguistics. In M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (Eds.), The Handbook of Linguistics, 2nd Edition, pp. 345-370. Boston: Wiley-Blackwell.

Christianson, K., Luke, S. G., Hussey, E. K. & Wochna, K. (2017). Why reread? Evidence from garden-path and local coherence structures. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70, 1380-1405.

Kim, J. H. & Christianson, K. (2017). Working memory effects on the L1 and L2 processing of ambiguous relative clauses by Korean L2 learners of English. Second Language Research, 33, 365-388.

Christianson, K., Zhou, P., Palmer, C., & Raizen, A. (2017). Effects of Context and Individual Differences on the Processing of Taboo Words. Acta Psychologica, 178, 73-86.

Stoops, A. & Christianson, K. (2017). Parafoveal processing of inflectional morphology on Russian nouns. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 29, 653-669.

Li, Q., Huang, Z., & Christianson, K. (2017, in press). Ambiguity Tolerance and Advertising Effectiveness. Annals of Tourism Research.


Zhou, P. & Christianson, K. (2016). Auditory Perceptual Simulation (APS): Simulating speech rate or accent? Acta Psychologica, 168, 85-90.

Kim, S-A., Packard, J., Christianson, K., Anderson, R.C., & Shin, J-A. (2016). Orthographic Consistency and Individual Learner Differences in Second Language Character Learning and Reading. Reading & Writing, 29, 1409-1434.

Luke, S.G. & Christianson, K. (2016). Limits on lexical prediction during reading. Cognitive Psychology, 88, 22-60.

Christianson, K. (2016). When language comprehension goes wrong for the right reasons: Good Enough, underspecified, or shallow language processing. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 817-828.

Li, Q., Huang, Z., & Christianson, K. (2016). Visual attention toward tourism photographs with text: An eye-tracking study. Tourism Management, 54, 243-258.

Zhou, P. & Christianson, K. (2016). I “hear” what you’re “saying”: Auditory perceptual simulation during silent reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 972-995.

Den Ouden, D. B., Dickey, M. W., Anderson, C., & Christianson, K. (2016). Neural correlates of early-closure garden-path processing: Effects of prosody and plausibility. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69, 926-949.

Ferreira, F. & Christianson, K. (2016). Is Now-or-Never Language Processing Good Enough? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39, e72.


Raizen, A., Vergis, N., & Christianson, K. (2015). Using eye-tracking to examine the
reading of texts containing taboo words. In M. Terkourafi (Ed.), Interdisciplinary
Perspectives on Im/politeness, pp. 213-238. AILA Applied Linguistics Series. John Benjamins.

Zhou, P. & Christianson, K. (2015). I “hear” what you’re “saying”: Auditory perceptual simulation during silent reading.  QJEP. DOI:10.1080/17470218.2015.1018282.

Lim, J-H. & Christianson, K. (2015). L2 Sensitivity to Agreement Errors: Evidence from Eye Movements during Comprehension and Translation. Applied Psycholinguistics.doi:10.1017/S0142716414000290

Kim, S-A., Christianson, K., & Packard, J. (2015). Working memory in L2 character processing: The case of learning to read Chinese. In W. Zhisheng, M. Mota, & A. McNeill (Eds.), Working Memory in Second Language Acquisition and Processing: Theory, Research and Practice. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Luke, S. G. & Christianson, K. (2015). Predicting inflectional morphology from context. Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience.DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2015.1009918

Raizen, A., Vergis, N., & Christianson, K. (2015). Using eye-tracking to examine the reading of texts containing taboo words. In M. Tekeroufki (Ed.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Im/politeness.AILA Applied Linguistics Series. John Benjamins.


Stoops, A., Luke, S. G., & Christianson, K. (2014). Animacy information outweighs morphological cues in Russian. Language, Cognition, & Neuroscience, 29, 584-604.

Payne, B. R., Grison, S., Gao, X., Christianson, K., Morrow, D. G., & Stine-Morrow, E. A (2014). Aging and Individual Differences in Binding During Sentence Understanding: Evidence from Temporary and Global Syntactic Attachment Ambiguities. Cognition, 130. 157-173.


Lim, J-H. & Christianson, K. (2013). Integrating meaning and structure in L1-L2 and L2-L1 translations. Second Language Acquisition, 29, 233-256.

Lim, J-H. & Christianson, K. (2013). Second language sentence processing in reading for comprehension and translation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16, 518-537.

Luke, S. G. & Christianson, K. (2013). SPaM: A combined self-paced reading and masked-priming paradigm. Behavior Research Methods, 45, 143-150.
Click here to download the E-Prime Experimental Program from SPaM.

Kim, J. H. & Christianson, K. (2013). Sentence complexity and working memory effects in ambiguity resolution. Journal of Psycholinguistics Research, 42, 393-411.

Luke, S. G. & Christianson, K. (2013). The influence of frequency across the time course of morphological processing: Evidence from the transposed-letter effect. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25, 781-799.

Slattery, T. J., Sturt, P., Christianson, K., Yoshida, M., & Ferreira, F. (2013). Lingering misinterpretations of garden path sentences arise from flawed semantic processing. Journal of Memory & Language, 69, 104-120.

Stites, M. C., Luke, S. G., & Christianson, K. (2013). The Psychologist Said Quickly, “Dialogue Descriptions Modulate Reading Speed!” Memory & Cognition, 41, 137-151.

Stoops, A., Luke, S. G., & Christianson, K. (2013). Animacy information outweighs morphological cues in Russian. Language & Cognitive Processes. DOI:10.1080/01690965.2013.813560


Beckman Institute News: Papers Give Insight into Reading Comprehension, (http://beckman.illinois.edu/news/2012/11/christiansonpapers).

Christianson, K., Mestre, J., & Luke, S. G. (2012). Practice makes (nearly) perfect: Solving “students & professors”-type algebra word problems. Applied Cognitive Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/acp.2863.

Kim, J-H. & Christianson, K. (2012). Sentence complexity and working memory effects in ambiguity resolution.Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. DOI 10.1007/s10936-012-9224-4.

Lim, J-H. & Christianson, K. (2012). Second language sentence processing in reading for comprehension and translation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. DOI: 10.1017/S1366728912000351.

Luke, S. G. & Christianson, K. (2012). Semantic predictability eliminates the transposed-letter effect: Insights from a combined self-paced reading and masked-priming paradigm. Memory & Cognition, 40, 628-641.

Shin, J-A. & Christianson, K. (2012). Structural priming and second language learning. Language Learning, 62, 931-964.


Christianson, K. & Luke, S.G. (2011). Context strengthens initial misinterpretations of text. Scientific Studies of Reading, 15, 136-166.

Lin, T-J., Anderson, R. C., Ku, Y-M., & Christianson, K., Packard, J. (2011). Chinese children’s concept of word. Writing Systems Research, 3, 41-57.

Luke, S.G. & Christianson, K. (in press, 2011). Stem and whole-word frequency effects in the processing of inflected verbs in and out of a sentence context. Language and Cognitive Processes, DOI:  10.1080/01690965.2010.510359.

Shin, J.-A. & Christianson, K. (2011). The status of dative constructions in Korean, English, and in the minds of Korean-English bilinguals. In H. Yamashita, J. Packard, & Y. Hirose (Eds.), Processing and Producing Head-final Structures (pp.153-169).  New York:  Springer.


Christianson, K. (2010). Choke: New book reveals how choking under pressure is all in your head. Review of Beilock, S., Choke: What the secrets of the brain reveal about getting it right when you have to. Book review, WorldGolf.com, Oct. 15, 2010, (http://www.worldgolf.com/features/choke-golf-book-dr-sian-beilock-11732.htm).

Christianson, K., Luke, S.G., & Ferreira, F. (2010). Effects of plausibility on structural priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 36, 538-544.


Shin, J-A. & Christianson, K. (2009). Syntactic processing in Korean-English bilinguals: Evidence from cross-linguistic structural priming. Cognition, 112, 175-180.

Christianson, K. & Cho, H.Y. (2009). Interpreting null pronouns (pro) in isolated sentences. Lingua, 119, 989-1008.


Christianson, K. (2008). Sensitivity to changes in garden path sentences. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 37, 391-403.


Christianson, K., Williams, C.C., Zacks, R.T., & Ferreira, F. (2006). Misinterpretations of garden-path sentences by older and younger adults. Discourse Processes, 42, 205-238.

Schmitt, L.M., Christianson, K., & Gupta, R. (2006). Linguistic computing with UNIX tools. In A. Kao & S. Poteet (Eds), Natural language processing and text mining, 221-258. New York: Springer. (See also http://awk.info/?TextMining)


Christianson, K., Johnson, R.L., Rayner, K. (2005). Letter transpositions within and across morphemes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 31, 1327-1339.

Christianson, K. & Ferreira, F. (2005). Conceptual accessibility and sentence production in a free word-order language (Odawa). Cognition, 98, 105-135.